Cluster II: Forms of Evidence

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  • II.1. Text-based sources
    The focus of this working group is on text-based sources, including both primary and secondary texts. What are current and best practices for being transparent about the search for and selection of written sources? How should written sources (both empirical and theoretical) be cited and how should scholars provide information about the sources’ origins and production? What are the costs of and limits to such transparency? And when, why, and how can and should this evidence be made available to others?

    In addition to documentary evidence, this WG will consider the above questions as they relate to non-documentary forms of evidence not drawn from the researcher’s own first-hand observation of or interactions with human participants, including photographic, film, and human-artifact-based materials and the study of built environments. This group will also examine and compare technologies and infrastructure that might aid scholars wishing to share details about their sources (e.g., "meaty footnotes") or to share the sources themselves (e.g., "active citation," data repositories).

    Nikhar Gaikwad, Columbia University
    Veronica Herrera, University of Connecticut
    Rob Mickey, University of Michigan
    Moderators: VeronicaHerrera, robmickey, Nikhar Gaikwad
    Topics: 4
    Posts: 61
    Last post Re: Benefits and Costs of Inc…
    by Guest View the latest post
    Fri Mar 03, 2017 7:11 pm
  • II.2. Evidence from researcher interactions with human participants
    The focus of this working group is on evidence that comes from first-hand observations of, or interactions with human participants, including formal as well as informal, unstructured interviews; observation of/participation in meetings/events; and non-interview interactions with human subjects, including surveys. (Ethnography is the focus of a separate working group.) This working group will, in particular, focus on two potential types of transparency with such evidence: transparency about how scholars have made observations or generated evidence through research with human participants; and questions of when, why, and how this evidence can or should be made available or easily findable to others.

    This working group's deliberations will consider the circumstances under which, and the reasons why, researchers might share elements of their interactions with human participants; why, when, and how researchers can/should be transparent about the process of collecting interview and survey evidence or about the nature of their engagements with research participants; the costs of and limits to transparency in these areas; and ways of being transparent with research participants themselves. This working group will also investigate and assess technologies and infrastructure that might aid scholars wishing to share evidence from first-hand observations of, or interactions with, human participants.

    Leonardo Arriola, University of California, Berkeley
    Mark Pollack, Temple University
    Anastasia Shesterinina, Yale University
    Moderators: Leonardo, pollack57, AnastasiaSh
    Topics: 12
    Posts: 48
    Last post Re: How and when can and shou…
    by sbrooke View the latest post
    Wed Jan 25, 2017 9:30 am